The exact origin of POLO, the oldest team sport, is unknown. POLO was probably first played by nomadic warriors over two thousand years ago. Used for training cavalry, POLO was played from Constantinople to Japan in the Middle Ages.
POLO is an equestrian team sport, usually played outdoors, with four polo players on each team.
A POLO field is as large as 300 yards long and up to 160 yards wide, the largest field in organized sport.
(That's 12 football fields.) A POLO match lasts about two hours and is divided into 4 or 6 timed periods called chukkers.
Often during half time of a POLO match, spectators go onto the field to participate in a social tradition called divot stomping. The object of the game of POLO is to ball down-field, hitting the ball through the goal posts for a score. One "goal" is scored as a point.
A POLO team can be made up of two -four players per side. A POLO game begins with a throw-in of the ball by the umpire at the opening of each chukker and after each goal. POLO Payers must change horses after each chukker due to the extreme demands placed on the polo pony.
Most of the rules of POLO are for the safety of the POLO players and their ponies. The basic concept is the line of the ball, a right-of-way established by the path of a traveling ball.
POLO "Ponies" are actually horses that combine the traits of a number of breeds.
Next to a player's skills, the POLO pony is the most important factor in POLO.
The sport of POLO demands the quick burst of speed seen in Thoroughbred horses. The complexity and strategy of a POLO match requires the intelligence of Arabian horses. And the rapid turn of play in pursuit of the ball necessitates the agility of Quarter horses.
POLO Player and POLO Pony share a partnership like no other sport in the world.